GRAMMAR – Causative Verbs

Posted: January 27, 2017 in Grammar
Tags: , , , ,

A. PENGGUNAAN
Causative Verb (Kata Kerja Kausal) kata kerja yang menyebabkan orang lain melakukan sesuatu. Kata ini dapat berupa kata HAVE atau GET yang serupa maknanya dengan kata menyuruh, meminta, mendapati, menemukan.

Penggunaan Causative Verb dalam Bahasa Inggris dapat dicontohkan sebagai berikut:

ACTIVE CAUSATIVE
* The teacher had the students submit the assignment ATAU
* The teacher got the students to submit the assignment.
(=Guru menyuruh siswa menyerahkan tugas itu.)

PASSIVE CAUSATIVE
* The teacher had/ got the assignment submitted.
(=Guru meminta tugas itu diserahkan.)

B. POLA KALIMAT
1. ACTIVE CAUSATIVE
SUBJECT + HAVE + OBJECT (PERSON) + V1
I have my brother repair my bike
The lecturer has his students write an essay
You had Koko do your homework
Gather is having the men repair the car

SUBJECT + GET + OBJECT (PERSON) + to V1
I get my brother to repair my bike
The lecturer gets his students to write an essay
You got Koko to do your homework
Father is getting the men to repair the car

2. PASSIVE CAUSATIVE
SUBJECT + HAVE/ GET + OBJECT (THING) + V3
I have/ get my bike repaired
The lecturer has/gets an essay written
You had/ got your homework done
Father is having/is getting the car repaired

C. CONTOH LAIN
Kalimat Aktif
* The receptionist is having the guest fill out a form.
* The receptionist is getting the guest to fill out a form.
(=Resepsionis sedang meminta tamu mengisi formulir itu)

Kalimat Pasif
* The receptionist is having/ is getting a form filled out
(=Resepsionis sedang meminta formulir itu diisi)

Kadangkala, penggunaan pola kalimat pasif diatas dapat bermakna Subject MENDAPATI sesuatu terjadi pada Object, misalnya:
*I had all my money stolen.
(=Saya mendapati seluruh uang saya dicuri)
*The man had his nose broken in a fight.
(=Pria itu mendapati hidungnya patah dalam perkelahian)

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