GRAMMAR – ACTIVE and PASSIVE

Posted: January 28, 2017 in Grammar
Tags: ,

A. PENGGUNAAN
Kalimat aktif (Active Voice) adalah kalimat yang subjeknya melakukan suatu pekerjaan
sementara kalimat pasif (Passive Voice) adalah kalimat yang subjeknya dikenakan suatu pekerjaan. Contoh:

Active : Dad washes the car once a week (Ayah mencuci mobil itu sekali seminggu)
Passive : The car is washed by Dad once a week (Mobil itu dicuci oleh ayah sekali seminggu)

B. POLA KALIMAT
1) Simple Present Tense
Active: S + V1/ Vs =>We do the job
Passive: S + am/ is/ are + V3 =>The job is done by us

2) Simple Past Tense
Active: S + V2 =>We did the job
Passive: S + was/ were + V3 =>The job was done by us

3) Present Continuous Tense
Active: S + am/ is/ are + Ving => We are doing the job
Passive: S + am/ is/ are + being + V3 => The job is being done by us

4) Past Continuous Tense
Active: S + was/ were + Ving => We were doing the job
Passive: S + was/ were + being + V3 => The job was being done by us

5) Present Perfect Tense
Active: S + have/ has + V3 => We have done the job
Passive: S + have/ has + been + V3 => The job has been done by us

6) Past Perfect Tense
Active: S + had + V3 => We had done the job
Passive: S + had + been + V3 => The job had been done by us

7) Simple Future Tense
Active: S + will + V1 => We will do the job
Passive: S + will + be + V3 => The job will be done by us

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